Mortise and Tenon Construction

Mortise and Tenon Horse Barn Construction

For the discerning client who appreciates a historic and original environment in their horse barn or home. Unique and rugged in appearance, finish and craftsmanship.

Horse Stable Information:

  • Column spacings of up to 15'
  • Finished wood ceilings are possible
  • Mortise and tenon horse stables with or without lofts
  • Eave heights as desired
  • Design flexibility is excellent
  • Exterior cladding as desired
  • Heavy timber feeling
  • Horse Stables: any size, shape and configuration can be obtained
  • Posts - vary with design
  • Girts and purlins: vary with design
  • Perimeter: as desired
  • Overhangs: as desired
  • Tack Room: optional
  • Wash Stalls: optional
  • Lounge: optional
  • Observation Room: optional
  • Office: optional
  • Bathrooms: optional

Roofing Options:

  • Metal sheet, standing seam
  • Slate
  • Wood factory or rough cut
  • Shingles
  • Rubber

Siding Options:

  • Stone
  • Simulated Stone
  • Vinyl Siding
  • Board and Batten
  • Ship-lap
  • Beveled
  • Wood shingle
  • Brick
  • Stucco
  • Metal
  • Other

Interior Finishes:

  • Horse Stalls - see Rower & Rub stalls and accessories
  • Ceilings: T&G Pine or fir, metal, drywall, other
  • Walls: T&G SYP, drywall, masonry, metal, other
  • Flooring: sealed concrete, patterned concrete, stone, rubber mats, rubber bone pavers, tile, other
  • Windows: any manufacturer and style can be utilized
  • Skylight and Skybands can be utilized
  • Doors: From custom to standard any style can be used

Kaiser Can Also Build Your Home in Mortise and Tenon Construction
Call for pricing on Residential Mortise and Tenon Construction

This is a basic guide to help organize your thoughts as you consider the many options in building your custom horse barn facility. Give us a call at 717-336-0211 if you have any questions or would like pricing on a custom horse barn or riding arena from Kaiser Construction.

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Mortise and Tenon Joint Information from Wikipedia:

The mortise and tenon joint in its basic form is both simple and strong though there are many variations on the joint that create a wide range of complexities depending on the application. The mortise and tenon joint has been used for thousands of years by woodworkers around the world to join pieces of wood, mainly when the adjoining pieces connect at an angle of 90°.

Although there are many joint variations, the basic mortise and tenon comprises two components: the mortise hole (female) and the tenon (male). The tenon is formed to the end of a member generally referred to as a rail and is inserted into a square or rectangular hole cut into the corresponding member. The tenon is cut to fit the mortise hole exactly and usually has shoulders that seat when the joint fully enters the mortise hole. The joint may be glued, pinned, or wedged to lock it in place.

This joint is also used with other materials. For example, it is a traditional method for stonemasons and blacksmiths.

A mortise is a cavity cut into a timber to receive a tenon.

There are several kinds of mortises:

Open Mortise – a mortise that has only three sides.
Stub Mortise – a shallow mortise, in which depth depends on the size of the timber; also a mortise that does not go through the workpiece (as opposed to a "through mortise").
Through Mortise – a mortise that passes entirely through a piece.
Wedged Half-Dovetail – a mortise in which the back is wider, or taller, than the front, or opening. The space for the wedge initially allows room for the tenon to be inserted; the presence of the wedge, after the tenon has been engaged, prevents its withdrawal. It is sometimes called a "suicide" joint, since it is a "one-way trip".
Through Wedged Half-Dovetail – a wedged half-dovetail mortise that passes entirely through the piece.

A tenon is a projection on the end of a timber for insertion into a mortise. Usually the tenon is taller than it is wide.

There are several kinds of tenons:

Stub Tenon - a short tenon; depth depends on the size of the timber; also a tenon that is shorter than the width of the mortised piece so the tenon does not show (as opposed to a "through tenon").
Tusk Tenon - a kind of mortise and tenon joint that uses a wedge-shaped key to hold the joint together.
Through Tenon - a tenon that passes entirely through the piece of wood it is inserted into, being clearly visible on the back side.
Biscuit Tenon - a thin oval shape piece of wood, looks like a biscuit [3]
Teasel Tenon - a term used for the tenon on top of a jowled or gunstock post, which is typically received by the mortise in the underside of a tie beam. A common element of the English tying joint.
Top Tenon - the tenon that occurs on top of a post.
Feather Tenon - a round-shouldered machined fillet or feather which is glued into a machine (router) made slot or mortise on each side of the joint.
Hammer-Headed Tenon - a method of forming a tenon joint when the shoulders cannot be tightened with a clamp.

Generally the size of the mortise and tenon is related to the thickness of the timbers. It is considered good practice to proportion the tenon as one third the thickness of the rail, or as close to this as is practical. The haunch, the cut-away part of a sash corner joint that prevents the tenon coming loose, is one third the length of the tenon and one sixth of the width of the tenon in its depth. The remaining two-thirds of the rail, the tenon shoulders, help to counteract lateral forces that might tweak the tenon from the mortise, contributing to its strength. These also serve to hide imperfections in the opening of the mortise.

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